Acute Myocardial Infarction- Symptom Cause and Treatment

Acute Myocardial Infarction- Symptom Cause and Treatment
Acute Myocardial Infarction is a medical term used to refer to a heart attack which means “death of heart muscle”. Heart, like every other human body organ requires a particular supply of oxygen and nutrients to ensure smooth and proper functioning. This functioning of the heart is supported by four main coronary arteries of which two large arteries are responsible for providing oxygenated blood to the heart. If any of these arteries are blocked, the supply of oxygen to the heart is hampered resulting in “cardiac ischemia”. More so, if the artery is damaged, the heart is literally starved of oxygen for a long period resulting in death of tissue, which in turn causes a heart attack, medically called acute myocardial infarction. This heart blockage is a mass formation of fat, cholesterol, and cellular waste. While a heart attack may last for several hours or sometimes just minutes but could be fatal; thus, it is very important to be aware of its symptoms, cause, and treatment to minimize the damage. Symptoms of Acute Myocardial Infarction Symptoms of a heart attack vary case to case and sometimes a person may not experience any symptoms. However, there are some classic symptoms that could indicate a possible heart attack. Acute chest painShortness of breathPressure or tightness in chestSevere pain in back, jaw, left arm, right arm, shoulders or all areasExcessive sweatingNauseaVomitingAnxietyDizzinessRacing heartbeatVariable blood pressureThready pulsePale and cool skin The intensity of the pain and the resultant attack will differ for each person. A mild heart attack is also sometimes mistaken as heartburn and often does not cause any harm. Such a case also referred to as angina, is a warning signal and does not cause any harm because the blood flow is restored soon after and the pain recedes quickly thereafter. As stated, in multiple cases, a heart attack may occur without any previous warning signs. This phenomenon is referred to as “silent ischemia” where the heart tissue is damaged due to sporadic, pain-free, interruptions of blood flow to the heart. Chances of silent ischemia are very high amongst people suffering from diabetes. This condition can however be detected through an ECG.  Further, women in many cases do not experience these classic heart attack symptoms; instead they feel a tightness and fullness in chest or pain in the neck, arm or jaw. If you experience any of these classic heart attack symptoms, be sure to immediately consult a doctor and seek medical help. Causes of Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart is one of the most vital organs of the human body whose functioning is supported by the coronary arteries that supply oxygen rich blood to the heart. When these arteries are blocked or narrowed due to buildup of plaque, the flow of blood to the heart is reduced or stopped leaving the tissues to dry and die leading to a heart attack. This blockage or buildup may be caused due to several factors such as: Bad cholesterol: This type of cholesterol sticks your arteries...
Read More
1 5 6 7