Myocardial infarction treatment guidelines

Myocardial infarction treatment guidelines
Myocardial infarction or also popularly known as “heart attack” is a condition where the heart stops working because it is starved of oxygen and nutrients (for a prolonged period of time) which are essential for its survival. The heart needs its consistent supply of oxygen and nutrients to ensure there is proper pumping of blood through the body. Our heart is made up of four major arteries that support its pumping function; two of these arteries are large while the other two are small. The large arteries are responsible for delivering oxygenated blood to the heart. However, when any of these arteries are blocked, narrowed or has a leakage, the function is disrupted, and part of the heart is starved of oxygen, which leads to cardiac ischemia. This blockage is because of a buildup of plaque in the arteries due to high cholesterol, high blood pressure, cellular waste, etc. When the cardiac ischemia is prolonged, the heart muscle is deprived of oxygen for too long resulting in the death of the muscle, also referred to as a heart attack or a myocardial infarction. While a myocardial infarction may or may not depict early signs of occurrence, it sometimes might reflect as acute chest pain, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, nausea, anxiety, excessive sweating, pounding heart rate, etc. These symptoms are very generic and may depend on the condition of the person. In all cases, whether or not there are symptoms of myocardial infarction, it is very important to know the guidelines for myocardial infarction treatment. The most important thing to know about a myocardial infarction treatment is that it is sudden and needs emergency medical help and immediate care. The most widely used myocardial infarction treatment is an angioplasty, a minimally invasive procedure where the doctor inserts a thin, fine tube called a catheter mounted with a tiny balloon into the blocked artery through an incision in the arm or groin. Once the catheter is in the right spot, the tiny balloon is inflated to remove the blockage from the artery and clear the passage to allow blood flow by pushing the plaque build-up to the walls of the artery. The procedure restores the optimum blood flow and oxygen to the heart by removing the blockage from the artery, widening the artery for smooth flow, and ensuring optimal heart health and safety. Once the blood supply is regulated, the balloon is deflated and removed from the body. This procedure is often time followed by the placement of a stent – a stainless steel mesh – in the heart of the patient to ensure the arteries do not clog again in the future. However, in many cases, where the condition of the person is not suitable to be considered for angioplasty or the patient needs more intense care, the doctors can also resort to a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) for a myocardial infarction treatment. A CABG treatment restores the blood flow and oxygen to the heart by using blood...
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Cardiac Arrest Symptoms, Causes and Survival Rate

Cardiac Arrest Symptoms, Causes and Survival Rate
Cardiac Arrest is a sudden loss of heart function, breathing, and consciousness. This condition occurs because the heart which generates and pumps blood in the body is disturbed and stops functioning leading to no flow of blood in the body particularly the brain and resulting in death. Cardiac arrest is abrupt, sudden, and different than a heart attack where the blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked; though a heart attack may lead to a cardiac arrest in some cases. A cardiac arrest is a very critical situation where the heart - that makes blood (in its upper chamber or atrium) and pumps blood to all other organs of the body through the heart valves – crashes and seizes to function. This sudden failure of the system leads to loss of heartbeat, no flow of blood in the body, loss of organ functions, and ultimately death. The bottom chambers of the heart (ventricles) stop beating and start behaving like mere thick gooey masses leading to no production of heart beat or supply of oxygen and blood into the body. This abrupt crash of the system if not resurrected timely can lead to immediate death. As per records, 95% of people who suffer from a cardiac arrest succumb to death. According to research, each year in India, 10% of deaths happen because of cardiac arrest, which is also the most common cause of death in the world. While a cardiac arrest is sudden and occurs without any prior symptoms or warning leaving a slim chance of detection, yet proper knowledge and awareness about cardiac attack symptoms is useful to get immediate medical help. Some of the general cardiac attack symptoms that people might experience are: Abruptly racing heartbeatExtreme anxietyDizzinessDangerous heart rhythmFluttering ventriclesFrozen body temperature and numbness Sudden collapsePainful and difficult breathingLoss of pulse Most of these symptoms occur very near to a cardiac arrest, whereas there are a couple of cardiac arrest symptoms that if paid heed to could signal the upcoming dysfunctionality. These might include: Chest pain or discomfortShortness of breathFatigue WeaknessPalpitations However, you can always seek advance medical help to know if there are any irregularities in heart functioning. You should see a doctor if you experience any of these: Cheat pain or discomfortRapid or irregular heartbeatsContinuous unexplained wheezingShortness of breathExtreme heart palpitationsLoss of consciousnessDizziness and blurriness of sight Most cardiac arrest symptoms are short timed and do not leave much time to act before the arrest. Hence, the best way to save life is to avoid all cardiac arrest causes and stay clear of reasons and factors that can possibly trigger a cardiac arrest. The most common cause of a cardiac arrest is the irregularity of heart rhythm (arrhythmia) which occurs because of a default in the heart’s electrical system – its functioning. The disruption in functioning stops blood and oxygen flow, and disturbs the pace of heart beat. Sometimes, this disruption might be brief and hence, the functioning would recover in seconds whereas when...
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Tips to follow after Balloon Angioplasty surgery

Tips to follow after Balloon Angioplasty surgery
Balloon Angioplasty also known as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or precutaneous coronary intervention - is a very effective surgical procedure performed directly after a heart attack to restore the flow of blood in the heart by removing the blockages from the coronary arteries.  Balloon angioplasty is a very effective surgical treatment and has proven success rates. The procedure involves the insertion of a catheter mounted with a tiny balloon into the blocked artery through an incision in the arm or groin. This catheter is then guided to the exact spot of blockage by using special dyes, X-rays, etc. and once it’s in the right position – the tiny balloon is inflated to remove the blockage from the artery and clear the passage to allow blood flow by pushing the plaque build-up to the walls of the artery. Once the blood supply is regulated, the balloon is deflated and removed from the body. This procedure is often time followed by the placement of a stent – a stainless steel mesh – in the heart of the patient to ensure the arteries do not clog again in the future. In fact, some stents (such as drug-eluting stents) are medically coated to keep the arteries from narrowing again. A balloon angioplasty surgery is a widely used technique of treatment in cases of heart attacks and can minimize the chances of a heart failure or other complications, provided this treatment is initiated within the first hours or in some cases immediately after a heart attack. While the condition of the heart and survival is dependent on the success of the balloon angioplasty surgery procedure, it is also very critical to understand the tips to follow post the balloon angioplasty procedure, to ensure there are no complications or a revival of the situation. It takes about 3-4 weeks or more (depending on the severity of the condition) to recover after a balloon angioplasty surgery. Once exiting the hospital, it is necessary to discuss precautions, medications, routine activity exemptions, diet, recovery process, post-operative tests, etc. to ensure maintain good heart health. However, some of the tips that one must consider after a balloon angioplasty surgery are: Healthy Diet: An unhealthy diet consisting of food high in saturated fats, trans fat, sodium, cholesterol, sugar, etc. should be avoided. Instead, a healthy diet including green leafy vegetables, fiber, whole grains, fish, nuts, seeds, low-fat dairy, etc. should be adopted. Water intake should be increased, while consumption of oil, sugar and especially sodium should be minimized to barely any. Medications: Post the balloon angioplasty surgery, the doctor will recommend certain medications to ensure steady heart health. It is vital to take all medications and follow all the precautions suggested by the doctor. Some of the medications that may be recommended include blood thinners (to restore blood flow), thrombolytics (to dissolve clots), nitroglycerin (to widen blood vessels), antiplatelet (to prevent new clots), and pain killers (to cub the pain). During the intake of these medicines, the body might experience a...
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